Abruzzo National Park:
- THE PARK
- UNESCO SITES
- MARSICAN BEAR
For centuries the strong isolation in which the territory of the Abruzzo National Park had allowed the conservation of a considerable quantity of animal and vegetable species worthy of conservation, not all had in fact been transformed into pasture. The culture of the innermost mountain centers and their history, dating back to prehistoric times, give an amazing sight at how beautiful Abruzzo is!
King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoia officially established the royal hunting reserve in 1873. At the same time began to voice the first initiative in Italy to set up a national park on the model of the american Yellowstone National Park. The park, along with the Gran Paradiso National Park, is one of the oldest parks in Italy, known internationally for the role played in the conservation of some of the most important faunistic species in Italy such as wolves, chamois and the marsican brown bears, as well as for the first and numerous initiatives for the modernization and localization of environmentalism.
The Park extends predominantly in the mountainous and pastoral areas of the Marsicani Mountains, one of the fundamental backbones of the Abruzzo Apennines, ending in the valley of Giovenco and in the valley of Comino. To the north-east is divided by Majella and its park from the area of the upper Abruzzo highlands. The Mountains are covered with beech forests for about two-thirds of its surface. Recently UNESCO recognized the high conservation value of these venerable forests (some of which are the oldest known deciduous plants in the northern emisphere) establishing a natural heritage.
Adventurous hikers, cyclists and horsemen with mules, walking, horseback, with the camera, through ancient forests and green clearings will go through the striking paths of the park between rocky peaks and clear streams, observe the animals in their natural habitat while experiencing an experience in full contact with an uncontaminated environment.
Large mammals were the main reason for the establishment of the reserve. Once all the protected animals in the park area were widespread throughout the centromeridian Apennines, making genetically autonomous populations of European species, often of true endemism, very important from a zoological point of view, yet not entirely studied in their genetic identity.
The Marsican Bear (a subspecies of european brown bears) is the symbol of the park that has always bounded in all the mountains of southern Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise, making recordings even at lower altitudes. About 80 animals recorded in the 1980s, the presence of the plantigrado fell to the park at about 50, thus resulting in a high risk of extinction. Currently the species is recovering thanks to the efforts to preserve it.
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